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Venugopal Bandlamudi ., An Active Stock Market Investor


                  


                                                 Knowledge Is Power








Corruption has become the order of the day in all government offices in India. This is not good for this country. All the policy makers and people at large must take concrete action to root the corruption out of this country. Otherwise, there will be no future for this "Great" Nation.


Buddha, the Enlightened

Approximately two thousand years before the Europe underwent the Renaissance, an enlightened soul called Buddha had carried the torch of wisdom in South East Asia. He rebelled against social injustices and superstitious rituals of that lifeless society. Let’s know him and his teachings now. 

Buddha, the light of the East, was born in Lumbini, Sakhya Republic which is now a part of Nepal. He lived during 6th and 4th Century BC but his date of birth was not recorded and there is much debate on this. His father was King Suddhodhana and his mother, Queen Maya Devi. Buddha’s birth name is Siddartha. When he was born, astrologers predicted that he would become a monk. Fearing the future of the prince, Suddodhana built a beautiful palace for his son where every pleasure was available. The King never allowed his son to see the outside world. When Siddartha was young enough, he was married to a beautiful princess, Yasodhara. The King built three lavish palaces for the young couple to enjoy in three different seasons. The couple enjoyed themselves very much in these palaces, Siddartha thinking nothing of outside world. They soon had a son called Rahula. 

What happens if a person undergoes continuous enjoyment in his life? Of course, he will soon get disillusioned with his life. The same happened in Siddartha’s life. Now, the disillusioned soul wanted to see the real world outside his palace. This desire was going to change his life forever. He made four trips outside the palace and that changed the life and attitude of Siddartha, ultimately the whole world. During the first three trips, he saw the sickness, the old age and the death. He was very much moved by these sights. Then he wondered how he could enjoy himself while there was so much suffering in the world. Now, he wanted to find an end to the suffering of the mankind. 

On his fourth trip, Siddartha saw a wandering monk who had given up everything to seek the end to the suffering in the world. Siddartha got inspired by the monk’s attitude and now wanted to become a wandering monk in order to end the pain and suffering in this world. He wanted to renounce all the luxuries of his palace life and start out a journey to know the truth. One night, he left his palace and his loved ones, went to the forest. He cut off his hair and wore ragged clothes. He wandered from place to place in search of the truth his mind had been seeking. And, he studied and meditated with a lot of monks but to no avail. None knew how to end the suffering of the mankind. So, he continued his search.

Later, Siddartha named himself Gautama. He practised severe asceticism for years. He ate roots, leaves and sometimes nothing. He endured every hardship to know the truth. At last, he recognized neither too much pleasure nor severe ascetic life would lead him towards the truth. He also realized that overdoing things made him unhappy. So, he again started eating nourishing food and regained his strength.

Gautama was then thirty-five. He still did not find a solution to the suffering of mankind. So, he one day sat under a pipal tree and vowed never to rise until he found the truth. After forty-nine days of severe meditation, he received the enlightenment. After this great awakening, he came to be known as ‘the Buddha’ or ‘the Awakened one’. He then set out on a journey to uplift his fellow human beings from pain and suffering. He wanted to permanently put an end to the darkness of this world .

                           ( To be continued )


This article is written for our School magazine








Are you curious? 
 
What is the main factor that has been driving the progress of human race till now? What is the important quality that is differentiating us from animals? What is inspiring us towards knowing more and more about the Universe? 

The only answer to all these questions is a drive called ‘CURIOSITY’ which is present in all of us.
 
This Curiosity led Albert Einstein to discover great laws of Nature at a young age. His father gifted him a magnetic compass when Einstein was just a five years old. This magnetic compass has fired his enthusiasm to know how it works. Only this drive has led him towards his long and famous journey in Physics. That made him one of the highly admired persons of the human history. Bill Gates is another archetype of how curiosity leads us to reach great heights. The zeal to learn computer programming made him the richest man in the world.
 
Every creative leap of mankind has a toil of thousands of curious minds behind it. All the creative people in this world are exceptionally curious. Only a curious mind can learn enough knowledge with ease to create new things. When you are specially interested in a subject or work, you do not know how much effort you put into it. You will learn it at any cost. Moreover, you enjoy learning it. Besides, you master it. You will never feel tired of your attempts though you fail innumerable times. Because you love it. Albert Einstein was extraordinarily curious to learn the laws of Nature. He was excellent in Physics and Maths but dumb at other subjects. His teachers virtually threw him out of college. Hence, he was a college drop-out. You will be surprised to know that Einstein was just a clerk in a patent office when he formulated his ground-breaking Theory of Relativity. Is it not fascinating? "I have no special gift," he would say, "I am only passionately curious."
 
My dear buddies, marks are not the only measure to appraise yourself. It is the curiosity levels and the fun you get from learning that makes a big difference in this world. Many people who never saw the college became leaders in their own fields and became employers of highly qualified university graduates. Bill Gates is an excellent example in this regard. He discontinued his studies in the Ninth standard and went on to become a big businessman. But, his classmates continued their studies and attained university degrees and became employees of this ninth drop-out. Can you tell me what made the difference here? Steve Jobs is another extraordinary genius who stressed the importance of curiosity by saying “ Much of what I stumbled into by following my curiosity and intuition turned out to be priceless later on”.
 
Another important factor to note here is mere curiosity does not make you a legend. But, you should always direct this drive towards the right path. This direction will make or break your life. I know a lot of people in whose life this curiosity played havoc. Drug addicts and Alcoholics mainly fall into this category. They start their vices just out of curiosity but having weak minds they soon get addicted to them. At last, they ruin their lives and become socially invalid. So, keep a vigil in which direction your zeal is driving you. If you feel your life is not on the right track, seek the counsel of your elders. They can drive your curiosity in the right direction. This will make a big difference in your life. Then only, we can see Einsteins and Curies in India too.
 
Always be curious but check the direction 

( This article is written for our school magazine and is intended for school kids)



Be Positive and Do Positive

Do you know the legendary businessman Dhirubhai Ambani worked as a petrol pump attendant in Yemen? He was just a tenth class pass-out. But, he became a legend in his own right and a billionaire. How many of you know Dr Abdul Kalam, the former president of India, was once a paper boy? Henry Ford was a high-school drop-out. How come they became so big though they had had humble beginnings. The secret is ‘Positive Thinking’.

Never whine about what you do not have. Just think of what positives you possess and how to improve them. Set your goals high, learn new things and persevere for your aims. Never swerve from your path. BE POSITIVE AND INSTILL POSITIVITY IN PEOPLE SURROUNDING YOU. That will do fantastic things for you.

Positive thinking is a powerful tool which will transform your entire life from the Day-1. So, remove negativity from your mind and BE POSITIVE AND DO POSITIVE. Think positive about yourself, your surroundings and what is happening to you. Negative thinking always makes us dull and nihilistic. The self-pity which is the offshoot of negativity will eat away all vitality of our life. There are many medical cases where patients have recuperated from their fatal illness only due to ‘Hope’. ONLY THE PEOPLE WITH HIGH HOPES AND SELF-CONFIDENCE CREATE HISTORY. All the human history is the witness to this fact.

You may ask me ‘ Shall I see everything happening( including bad) around me as good and right?’. No, I don’t mean it. I want you to see an opportunity even in bad things that are happening to you. Thomas Alva Edison is a good instance in this regard. When he was sixty, all his factory, which was the result of 40years of hard work, went up in flames due to an accident. All that he said then was a good example of what I have been saying in this essay. He said, “There is a great value in disaster. All our mistakes are burnt up. Thank God, we can start anew”. He invented a new device after three weeks. Look! What a positivity he possessed!

ATTITUDE IS EVERYTHING. All our life is driven and destined by how we think and behave. ‘HOW WE LOOK AT THE WORLD AND UNDERSTAND IT’ do really matter. They are the real life changers. External factors also influence our life but I believe they are no match for our inner attitude. The giant from the American History, Abraham Lincoln, needs a special mention here. His life is full of failures until he became the tallest president of the USA. He lost his love at a very young age, suffered losses in business and lost many senatorial and congressional races. All that he won is one race that is the Presidential contest. See, how exemplary his perseverance is! He, later on, became the tallest personality in American History. Thomas Edison failed 1700 times while he was inventing the bulb.

We generally give up after three or four unsuccessful attempts. But Lincoln and Edison were not so weak as we are. Their lives have influenced many generations and will continue to do so in future too.

                                      So, Never Give up

                              Be Positive and Do Positive

( I have written this article for our school magazine. Remember,this article is written for school students)



Your computer may be at risk if you are using ....
 
Yes , your computer is in big danger if are using a Windows OS.

Why?

I want to ask you a few questions before elaborating my view

Are you updating the OS regularly?

Is the OS you are using a original version provided by the Microsoft?


If your answers are negative to these questions, you are at high risk.

The problem of virus infection arises when we do not regularly update the OS we are using. Why we do not update our OS? Because, we most often use pirated versions without knowing it. The people who install the OS on our computer tell us not switch on the updates. If we update our pirated version, the MS people will identify and send us a software which can permanently corrupt and delete the pirated version.

But many of us use the pirated versions as we can not afford the original version. But, how not to become victims of  viruses?

We can download the security patches provided by MS but it can not be permanent solution to the problem. But, what to do?

The best solution is to remove the pirated version and download the alternatives to Windows OS.

Before doing it we have to backup all the data.

There are many good alternatives to Windows. They are Linux, Chrome, and Android. Personally I prefer Linux versions. Some of these are Ubuntu, Linux Mint etc.

The are many ways to install Linux versions on our system. You can google them. I have been using   Linux for the last three years. I promise it will be a happy exprience for you.  Linux is mostly virus-free and secure. Now, it is new to you and you can learn a lot as your experience with it grows.

Why wait?




"A world full of happiness is not beyond human power to create; the obstacles imposed by inanimate nature are not insuperable. The real obstacles lie in the heart of man, and the cure for these is a firm hope, informed and fortified by thought."


                                                          -Bertrand Russell


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The Main Demands of the APMS employees

  • Regular payment of salaries
  • Release of Service Rules 
  • Payment of Salaries through 010 account 
  • Recruitment of Principals and teachers 
  • Implementation of Old Pension Scheme 
  • Sanction of Health Cards 
  • Implementation of APGLI and GIS
  • Retirement age should be hiked to 60 years 
  • Sanction a new Hindi PGT post 
  • A compound wall for every girls' hostel must be built
  •        
                        








State Governments in India hardly invest for the improvement of education

For all the talk about education quality and improving learning outcomes, little is actually being done to achieve either.The Centre for Budget and Governance Accountability (CBGA) and Child Rights and You (CRY) studied education budgets in 10 states and found that allocations for measures, even statutory provisions for ensuring quality — teacher training, monitoring, community mobilisation and training — are close to negligible in education budgets. In fact, the share of any of these categories rarely rises beyond 1% in the education or Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan (SSA) budget in any state.

"There is much discussion on quality but governments are not investing in the systems responsible for improving quality," said Subrat Das of CBGA. The share of teacher-training in the education budget doesn't rise above 1% in any of the 10 states included in the analysis except Bihar, where it was 1.6% in 2015-16 (budget estimate).

Inspection and monitoring are similarly neglected with their share crossing 1% in only Tamil Nadu and Odisha, both 1.2%. The study considered all 12 years of schooling. While there is huge variation across states, per-student expenditure is less than that of relatively successful centrally-funded systems — the Kendriya and Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalayas (KVs and JNVs) — nearly everywhere.

More than 98% schools in the 10 states have formed school management committees (SMCs). Mandated by the RTE Act 2009, these are composed mainly of parents and . In addition to monitoring the functioning of schools, the RTE also requires them to formulate school development plans and clear school budgets. But, again, states have spent very little on training them. The share of training SMCs and Panchayati Raj Institutions in the SSA budget was less than 1% in all 10 states in 2014-15.

Teachers' salaries do claim the largest chunk of the budget in all 10 states, ranging from 51.6% in Bihar to 80.4% in Rajasthan. But, as Protiva Kundu from CBGA said, "The myth that teachers' salaries take away all the funds for education is not true." State governments, especially UP and Maharashtra, spend significant amounts on non-government schools — as grants-in-aid and compensation for children enrolled in the 25% quota for Economically Weaker Sections and Disadvantaged Groups.

Education as a sector is under-funded, believe the organisations that authored the report. The per-student expenditure in public education in practically every state is below that of KVs and JNVs.

( Times of India)




6.54 crore Indians never attended school: Census

As many as 6.54 crore people in the age group of 5-19 years in the country have never attended any school while another 4.49 crore have dropped out of schools in the last decade.

According to the 2011 Census data, there is 38.01 crore population in the age group of 5-19 years of which 26.98 crore (71 per cent) is attending educational institutions. 4.49 crore (11.8 per cent) people have attended schools earlier while 6.54 crore (17.2 per cent) have never been to a school.

There were about 65.7 lakh disabled people in the age group of 5-19 at census 2011 in India, according to the census data.

17.5 lakh (26.7 per cent) of the disabled population has never attended any school, eight lakh (12.1 per cent) has dropped out of schools in the last decade while 40.2 lakh people (61.2 per cent) are attending educational institutions.

The proportion of disabled persons who never attended any educational institution in 2011, was found to be highest among persons with multiple disability (54.4 per cent), followed by mental illness (50.3 percent) and mental retardation (41.2 percent) whereas persons with any other disability (17.7 percent) show the least percentage.

Further, out of 40.2 lakh disabled persons attending educational institutions, 22.8 lakh (56.7 percent) are males and 17.4 lakh (43.3 percent) are females.

In 2001, about 33 lakh (50.5 per cent) out of 65.3 lakh disabled persons in the same age group reported attending educational institutions. There is an improvement of about 11 percentage points for the disabled persons attending schools in the age-group 5-19 during the decade 2001-2011.

It is further noticed that disabled persons with any other disability show the highest percentage (71.2 percent) in attending educational institution followed by seeing (68 per cent), hearing (67 percent), movement (59.6 percent), speech (58.9 percent), mental retardation (47.2 percent), multiple disability (37.2 percent) and least with mental illness (34.1 per cent).

Maximum percentage of disabled persons who attended educational institution earlier is seen in movement (17.7 percent) followed by mental illness (15.5 percent), and least in multiple disability (8.4 percent). 

                              - PTI ACB AAR ( India Today )



                                   

India 50 years behind on education goals, says UN report

India will be half a century late in achieving its universal education goals, according to a Unesco report released on 05/09/2016. This means the country will achieve universal primary education by 2050, universal lower secondary education in 2060 and universal upper secondary education in 2085.

The 2030 deadline for achieving sustainable development goals will be possible only if India introduces fundamental changes in the education sector, the Global Education Monitoring (GEM) report says.

The report says over 60 million children in India receive little or no formal education and the country has over 11.1 million out-of-school students in the lower secondary level, the highest in the world.

At the upper secondary level, 46.8 million are out of school, while 2.9 million students do not even attend primary school. The report says that by 2020 there will be a shortage of 40 million workers with tertiary education.

GEM report director Aaron Benavot told TOI , "Striving for development will mean little without a healthy planet. So, the new 2030 agenda for sustainable development unites global development and environmental goals."

The report says 40% of students worldwide are taught in a language they don't understand. While the curriculums of half of the countries do not explicitly mention climate change, in India some 300 million students currently receive environmental education.

( Times of India )




The ever-burning Kashmir

Kashmir will burn forever if we continue to look for a solution to its problems from its past. But we can easily come out of this quagmire if we bring out a solution taking into consideration its future and aspirations of its people. It doesn't yield any fruitful results if India and Pakistan incessantly indulge in blame game.    

What is 'Kashmir'? Is it land or people? If we exclude people from it, we can not find any meaning to the word 'Kashmir'. What do the people of Kashmir want? Where do they want to go from here? Has anybody ever cared about answering these questions until this day? I do not think so. Then, how can we solve this problem? The only solution is 'taking the opinion of every Kashmiri into consideration'. Do the Kashmiris want to join India or Pakistan? I do not know the answer to this question. Probably, they want to free themselves from all the occupying forces of Pakistan, India and China. Further, they may want to become an independent nation.  

Why is no country willing to consider the Kashmiris as free individuals having their own desires, hopes and aspirations? Are they not humans?





The economic reforms are means but not ends. The essential objective of economic reforms is the well-being of our people. In this quest, markets and governments are complements, not substitutes. There are many things that only markets can and should do. However, there are some things that only governments can and must do. If governments perform these tasks badly, it is not possible to dispense with governments and replace them with markets. Governments must be made to perform better. Indeed, efficient markets need effective governments



                                     - Deepak Nayyar




Is there any need for the Government of India to do the businesses like Air India, Banking, Indian Railways, and Steel Industry etc? It will serve the Indian society better if it looks after the social sector (Education, Health etc.) well. The Government of India is wasting billions of rupees by getting involved in industries which can be efficiently run by the private sector. The main aim of Government should be public welfare, not profit-making. So, the Government must withdraw its investments from businesses and invest more in the social sector. Otherwise, it cannot become a power to reckon with





The Government of India must identify the White Elephants of the Indian Economy, sell its stake in them and it should increase its spending on the social sector. Foreign Direct Investment is good for the economy  





Kudos! Finland!

Finland is ranked No.1 in the world in Education. What’s so great there!

• A child goes to school there only at the age of 7. The torture does not start at 2 ½ as it is elsewhere.
• A child learns from each move that it comes across in this early age at home.
• From the age of 7 to 10 the child spends 50% of its time in school and the remaining as a vacation.
• The school timings are also less and equal importance is given to Music, Arts and Sports too
• The schools there have relaxation rooms for the children to take rest if they feel tired.
• Until the age of 13, there is no grading and no report cards for students.
• If they parents are inquisitive of the child’s progress they can apply to know that.
• Since there is no grading there is no pressure on the student to compete.
• They are not given homework. Students can do their homework on the subject of their choice.
• A doctor stationed at each school monitors their health and advice.
• Only a maximum of 600 students is permitted in a school.
• There aren’t any private schools. All are Govt. run. There is equality in education for all.
• 99% of children in Finland get primary education.
• Students who hail from a country where there aren’t exams excel in competitive exams elsewhere.
• You may wonder ho this is possible. A UN research explains this…..
• UN does an annual research about the happiest children in the world. Finland stands first.
• Educationists from other countries flock to Finland to understand their system more.
• 1500 representatives from 56 countries go there every year.
• The country’s major foreign exchange comes from education tourism.
• A teacher's job in Finland is like an IAS or IPS job here.
• The teachers there have a major stake in the laws and policies of the country.
• Every third child there wants to become a teacher. But it’s not so easy.
• Only students who excel are considered for this post. 
• They are given 5 years of Teacher Training, 6 months of Military training, One year of onsite teacher training, Training in the Laws and Policies, Fire service, Self-Defense, First Aid. In total a 7 Year Training.

( Source : My facebook buddy, Arun Reddy )





Why I am non-religious

I am happier to call myself a non-religious person than an anti-religious man. Because my disbelief in God did not arise out of hatred towards religion, but out of my love for Science.

I actually became an atheist when I was fifteen years old. I was driven towards rationalism after I had realized that rationalistic beliefs are based on scientific understanding of the Universe. Further, I am always more influenced by scientific views than by religious doctrines. And it has become highly impossible for me believe that the Earth is flat and this world is created out of nothing. Moreover, I do not believe that some supernatural power is controlling our life because I have never received any telepathic signals from Him.

Later I studied the World History eagerly to find any evidence of God. After my studies, I came to the view that religions have made no useful contributions to the Human History. Instead of helping the progress of humanity, they turned out to be major progenitors of deadly conflicts among people e.g. The Crusades and The Jihads. Some people argue that religion provides mental peace to the human brain and calms it from any confusion. But, I am not at all convinced by this argument. Yes, sometimes it calms our brain from thinking deeply and also switches off our brain from undergoing the difficulties in learning new things. That is why it threw the humanity into Dark Ages for centuries. 

In monoreligious societies of the Medieval Europe, religion resisted any adventure in thought. It incessantly tried to kill both freethought and Sciences. In addition to it, in multireligious countries like India, it has become a source of fierce conflicts which resulted in ghastly massacres. A few months back a Muslim was killed by Hindu fanatics for taking beef. Let us study the case why it happened. Islam allows and encourages Muslims to eat beef whereas Hindus treat cow as a holy animal and worship it besides their thousands of deities. See, one religion encourages eating beef and another religion says it is a sin to kill a cow. This has become the main point of contention between Hindus and Muslims in India. But, how can we resolve this conflict? We can make both these Hindus and Muslims enlightened by imparting the scientific knowledge- the anatomy of both animals and humans. If they understand the Science behind this phenomenon, we can get peace. Until then they will be waging deadly battles against each other according to their 'Holy' scriptures. So, the scientific understanding of the world unites people whereas religion inspires them to kill each other.

Is there a God? I do not think there is any supernatural power which controls our life on the Earth. I never saw any God in my life nor received any communication from Him ordering me to do something or not to do something. I lead my life according to my wishes after understanding my role in the human society. I will treat something good if it improves human life in the long run. The thing which does harm to the human life on this Earth is always bad in my view. So, I never declare something good or bad by referring to holy scriptures. All Holy Scriptures in this world are primitive in nature since they contain the knowledge of primitive sciences. They were written when human knowledge is not so advanced as it is now. So, I see them not as standard books of knowledge but as testimonials to the primitive knowledge of our ancestors. Coming to the question of God, I want to ask my religious brethren some simple questions: If there is a Super Being that is controlling our life, why is He creating so much misery in human life? Why is He not stopping crimes? Why is He causing birth defects in the innocent newborn babies? Why is He letting millions of African kids die of hunger? Is God a sadist?

I do not believe in the afterlife either. If we die, our body chemicals get mixed into the elements of the Earth. There is no such thing called 'soul'. All our thinking and biological functions stop with our death. The material that is called body joins the material surrounding it. No visible biological evidence will be present after a few days. As I said earlier, I do not subscribe to the view that this world is created by the Almighty. If a Super Being created this Universe, where does He live? Many scriptures say this world is created out of nothing. I doubt scientific validity of this proposition. Can anybody create something out of nothing? That is why I strongly believe there is no Intelligent Design behind this Universe. It is just there as it is and consists of matter and its many forms. This matter always changes from one form to another. Out of these changes, all living and nonliving things emerge. This world is a continuum of events. One event results into another and the later again causes another event. We understand these events in the form of cause and effect relation because we are highly rational beings on this Earth. But, there are no such things as the first cause and the last cause. The matter in this Universe is continuously changing. If we are not able to understand some phenomenon in this Universe, we need not attribute the cause of such an event to God. It is the limitation of our knowledge that is hindering our understanding of the event. The primitive did the same mistake as we are doing today. He attributed divine power to every phenomenon that he could not understand. That is why, he worshipped the Sun, the trees, and the rocks as well. But today we find no evidence of God in those things. Let us not do the same mistake. If we are not able to understand something now, we will definitely understand it one day in the future. So we need not attribute the reason to God. 

I believe that physical matter is the only reality and all being, processes, and phenomena can be explained as manifestations of this matter. The mind is the function of a physical reality i.e. the Brain. So, you can now comfortably call me 'a Materialist'. But, I will feel happier if you call me 'a Physical Realist'. 








See, how scientific this Indian philosopher is! Please, click on this text




“Men whose circumstances have always been more comfortable than those of the majority are, as a rule, incapable of sympathy with those who are less fortunate. Sometimes they are frankly callous, sometimes they adopt the more nauseous view that happiness depends upon the soul and is independent of material well-being so that they are doing no real harm to the poor in taking more than their share of this world’s goods. Security depending upon exceptional privilege is unjust, and the man who has to find excuses for an injustice by which he profits is bound to acquire a distorted moral sense. On the other hand, the powerful men of the present day who are the victors in a free fight overestimate the value of ruthlessness and of the various acts by which success in competition is achieved.”



                          – Bertrand Russell 




                              

స్టడీ మెటీరియల్

DSC మరియు మోడల్ స్కూల్ పరీక్షలకు 'English Content & Methodology' స్టడీ మెటీరియల్ కావలసిన వారు వెంటనే సంప్రదించండి. Koti ( Jyotsna Xerox, 2/3, Brodipet, Guntur, Cell : 9848526091 ) 


'CHILD DEVELOPMENT AND PEDAGOGY (ఇంగ్లీష్)' మరియు ' సోషల్ స్టడీస్' ఇంగ్లీష్ మీడియం మెటీరియల్ కూడా ఉంది. సంప్రదించగలరు: Koti ( Jyotsna Xerox, 2/3, Brodipet, Guntur, Cell : 9848526091 )


 నా మెటీరియల్ శాంపిల్:  దీన్ని క్లిక్  చేయండి  sample material 


DSC and Model School English, Psychology, Social Studies study material hand-written by me is available at Jyotsna Xerox, 2/3, Brodipet, Guntur. Contact Koti9848526091



                DSC-2012 English Question Paper 

                  
              DSC- 2014 English Question Paper 



            Model School 2012 PGT English Question Paper


           Model School 2012 TGT English Question Paper







Why haven't I got my marriage registered?

Because I have to spend minimum Rs. 3000 and maximum unlimited in order to get my marriage certificate from the government. Corruption is all-pervasive in India and we do not get any public facilities without oiling government officials’ palms. 






"All faiths do harm. We may define “faith” as a firm belief in something for which there is no evidence. Where there is evidence, no one speaks of “faith.” We do not speak of faith that two and two are four or that the earth is round. We only speak of faith when we wish to substitute emotion for evidence. The substitution of emotion for evidence is apt to lead to strife since different groups substitute different emotions."




                    — Bertrand Russell

                            






                                  




మానవ జాతి అభివృద్ధికి అవసరమైనవేమిటి ?

*ప్రతి వ్యక్తి తన జీవితం తన చేతిలోనే ఉందని నమ్మాలి. పరాధీన మనస్తత్వం విడనాడాలి.

*మతవిశ్వాసాలు తొలగించుకొని హేతుబద్ధ ఆలోచన చేయగలగాలి.

*ప్రతి వ్యక్తి శాస్త్రీయ ఆలోచన ( scientific thinking ) , సామాజిక సృహ పెంపొందించుకోవాలి.

*సంపద అంతా కొద్ది మంది చేతులలోనే ఉండకూడదు. సంపద వికేంద్రీకరణ జరగాలి. ప్రతి వ్యక్తి చైతన్యవంతుడు అయినప్పుడే ఇది సాధ్యం.

*వ్యక్తి స్వేచ్ఛ, స్వాతంత్రాలు సమూహ లక్ష్యాలకు బలి కాకూడదు.

*ప్రతి వ్యక్తి విద్యావంతుడు కావాలి. శాస్త్రీయ దృక్పధాన్ని పెంపొందించుకోవాలి. 

*ప్రతి వ్యక్తి చేసే పని గాని, లక్ష్యం గాని సమస్త మానవాళి అభివృద్ధికి సహకరించేదిగా ఉండాలి.

*మత, వర్గ, లింగ, జాతి, జాతీయత, కుల ఇంకా అనేకానేక జాడ్యాలు తొలగిపోయి మానవుల మధ్య సహకార సంబంధాలు నెలకొనాలి. 

*ఇప్పటి పరిస్థితులలో పర్యావరణ పరిరక్షణ ఎంతో ముఖ్యం. ఇది మానవ జీవన ప్రమాణాలు పెంచడంలో ఎంతో ఉపయోగ పడుతుంది. మానవుడు ఈ భూమి మీద బ్రతకాలంటే మిగతా జీవరాశి అవసరం కూడా ఉందని గ్రహించాలి.








@The two things I am, immensely, proud of are:
 1) I am a literate and
       2) I am a Humanist also



"If you wish to be happy yourself, you must resign yourself to seeing others also happy. All who are not lunatics are agreed about certain things. That it is better to be alive than dead, better to be adequately fed than starved, better to be free than a slave. Many people desire those things only for themselves and their friends; they are quite content that their enemies should suffer. These people can only be refuted by science: Humankind has become so much one family that we cannot ensure our own prosperity except by ensuring that of everyone else."

                                                                         
                                                —Bertrand Russell












I am very lucky to have an Indian woman as my wife. She is the most precious gift the world has ever given me. My mother and my wife are the two most influential people in my life. I appreciate all Indian women and their sacrifices for the welfare of their families. A lot of kisses and a big bow to them.



"Those who have never known the deep intimacy and the intense companionship of happy mutual love have missed the best thing that life has to give; unconsciously, if not consciously, they feel this, and the resulting disappointment inclines them towards envy, oppression, and cruelty."



                   —  Bertrand Russell












My brother is my strength...

 My brother, Rambabu, is the strongest force behind my revival. Although he is three years younger than me, he has provided constant support to all my endeavours. I would have achieved nothing without his helping hand. My brother is my real strength.


                                     
  
 My favourite Quotation:

" The good life is one inspired by love and guided by knowledge "
                                                                       
                                                                            - Bertrand Russell


                                                                                             
   I Love   
 




      

                                                    My Bank