Will India Become a Global Superpower?
The term ' Superpower' gives the wrong connotation. No single country can be called a super power. Each country has its share in the progress that we see on this earth.
India has to set its house to become one of the top countries in the world. Currently, it is facing many challenges i.e. illiteracy, poverty, unemployment, and corruption, etc. India needs to grow beyond its philosophy of fatalism and nihilism. It should come out of the hold of ancient religions which are eating into its vitals. Human being must be placed at the center of its philosophical outlook. Scientific outlook and temper must be encouraged alongside imparting ethical standards. Everything the state and the society does should be aimed at individual welfare and well-being. Besides achieving its own well-being, India should gradually integrate into the vast global community contributing its share to the welfare of life on this earth.
Mere industrialization and capitalism will not yield desirable results. The fruits of its development must reach the lower strata of the society. Making people literate should be given great thrust because ‘ 100% literacy’ is a striking feature of any developed country. If the people are educated, they can do wonders with their efforts by becoming self-reliant, knowledgeable, and ethical.
Female foeticide is the act of getting a foetus killed after knowing that the foetus is a girl child. This practice of murdering a female child in its mother's womb is widely prevalent in India and in the cultures that are similar to the Indian culture.
Indians generally give much preference to a male child as they treat him as a harbinger of a good omen to his family. Hindus believe that those who do not have any male child will be thrown into the Hell where Yama , the God of the Hell, will persecute them for having only girl children. See, how laughable this belief is! Further, Indians believe only male children are heirs to their legacy. They give away a major portion of their property to their boys while spending an infinitesimal amount on their girl children.
There is also another social evil which drives parents to opt for female foeticide is the Dowry System. As you know most of the marriages in India are arranged by elders of the families. In this Arranged Marriage System, the family of bridegroom demands bride's parents huge amount of money and property. Besides marriage ceremonies in India are highly extravagant. A large portion of these expenses has to be borne by the bride's side. I know many people from India who committed suicide unable to bear the harassment from people who lend them money for their daughters' marriage.
Due to all the above reasons, Indians prefer a male child to a girl child. The sex (male:female) ratio has fallen sharply in recent decades only because of this discrimination against the girl child. That's why the Government of India has banned sex determination tests. But, Indians have found a new way to dispose of their girl children. We often find newly born baby girls thrown into dustbins or in a net of thorns by the roadside. It is heart-rending to see these baby girls crying with hunger and thirst.
In my view, women are far superior to men both physically and mentally. Nature has endowed them with such capabilities. Women have more patience and immunity power than men. Do Indians really know what happens to their 'The Great Motherland” if all their girl children are murdered in their mothers' wombs? It is horrible to even imagine India without its beautiful womenfolk. Personally, I prefer a female child to a male issue. I will be the happiest man if my wife begets a girl child next month.
(I dedicate this essay to both my mother and my wife who have made me what I am today)
Female Genital Mutilation ( FGM )
Yes, you can guess its meaning from the words themselves. But, it is unheard in this part of the world where I live. It is quite prevalent in Africa and the Middle East.
Female Genital Mutilation is a procedure performed as a cultural rite which includes the total or partial excision of female external genital organs, especially the clitoris and labia minora. The main reason the religious people give for this act is that they can control temptations and sexual desires of their young girls through this procedure. These views are quite typical of a male dominated patriarchal society.
I feel desires or sexual feelings in any human being whether it is male or female are quite as natural as other wants like hunger and thirst. Besides, I do not feel it is a sin on the part of a young girl to have any sexual desires. Most of the patriarchal societies allow their young men to express and satisfy their sexual hunger freely. At the same time, they deny that right to their young girls. They do not treat their female lot on par with their male stock. In this regard, I want to ask those people a simple question- If all the girls become so 'pure', where can your 'impure' boys get the girls for their enjoyment?
To return to our topic of Female Genital Mutilation, I treat this custom as a blot on our male dominated World History. It is not only a crime against our female population but it is a horrendous crime against humanity itself. I really appreciate the efforts of Dr. Pierre Foldes and his associates in stopping this crime and providing a humane medical treatment to the victims of this crime. The present world is now badly in need of such noble persons. Hereby I request the International Community to educate the Third World against this type of social evils. Otherwise, this barbarism will spread like a wildfire on their land as well.
Indians are a mixed race...
Indians are a mixed race. Nowhere in India do we find the people as pure as the whites and the blacks yet they are hierarchically divided by caste. It is an ugly truth that nobody can deny.
Public sector or private sector, which is better?
Public sector or private sector, which is better? This question has been haunting the people for the past few decades. Most of the people who have considerable influence in policy-making are votaries of the private sector. The private sector sometimes works better, but not all the time.The people who have been supporting the private sector are quite ignorant of the fact that a country’s progress does not depend on the structure of the institutions it has but on the quality of all the people residing in that country.
There are many instances where the public sector is providing wonderful services to the people and the government servants working far better than the insecure private employees. We can find the evidence for this in most of the European countries where the government sector is the engine of growth and development. Most of the Indians who are batting for the private sector are ignorant of this truth.
The quality of life in any country entirely depends on the quality of its people, not on the structure of its industry or the government machinery. If we look at the private sector experiment in India, we can easily find that most of the private companies or institutions are causing huge losses to the Government exchequer by evading taxes amounting billions of rupees. Shall we call this ‘progress’? The estimation of real progress of India can be done by watching the education levels, life expectancy, and health indicators of its people. India is still shamelessly rocking at the bottom of the Human Development Reports. Shall we call this ‘development’?
Briefly, progress or development of any nation entirely depends upon the progress it makes at the Human Development Index but not on how many industries it has or how many pollutants it is releasing into the heavens above. The success of either private sector or public sector completely depends on the quality of the people that live in that country. Both knowledge and moral character of the people ultimately matter in this regard.
What's good for India?
India needs neither Marxism nor Maoism for its development - but ‘100% literacy’.
My Little Angel
When you were born you filled my heart with pride,
And I was overcome by the joy I felt inside.
As I held you in my arms that very first day,
I knew I would never let any harm come your way.
With your tiny little hands and tiny little feet,
Every time I look at heart skips a beat.
As I watch you sleep in the middle of the night,
I hope and pray I will do everything right.
I know I may make some mistakes along the way,
But I promise to do my best not to every single day.
I often wonder what you will grow up to be,
But whatever you become will be fine with me.
So whatever you may decide to do in your life,
Maybe an astronaut, a lawyer, or even a doctor's wife.
I can say this without any doubt at all,
I will always be there to catch you if you fall.
And another promise I make to you from me,
Daddy's little angel you will always be.
- Jason A. Hodges
I am always yours
I dont know If God Exists,
I Dont know, How he Looks like,
I Dont know If He at all Is alive
Throughout The Life
I never Saw him…
I Dont know If Miracles Really happen,
But Yes They do,
And Thats Why I am
Before I came, Into Life,
It was You Who cared
You were One who Worried…
Forgetting Your own Pain
You Took All my Pains,
For the 9 earliest Months
Of my life…
When No one Understood
What I Meant
It was you Who Knew
What I said…
Much Before I could Speak
It was You Who Used to
The First hug
The first Food
It was You
All The Way long…
Woke Up whole Nights
To see If my Diapers
The First words
I Spoke It Was
Which I told…
My Life began With you
I Pray That It ends With you…
Hungry , You slept
But Never Let me,
Happy You Were Still,
Just because I Slept full…
The First Teacher
And The first
It was You All along…
Treasure You are
Full Of love , Warmth
I feel To
Be a kind Who
What you Mean
To be Mine…
The Moments That I left…
Love From you Still Remains
The same But
I’m Wrong To think
The Life’s Your
I felt, It was mine
Forgot The moments
When It was
Day & Night…
For the time
- Gaurav Kandoi
The Dowry System
The Dowry system is widely prevalent in India today. In one definition, dowry is described as the money or property that is gifted to the groom in a marriage. The dowry system is certainly an evil if we consider this definition. This evil of dowry system should be tackled socially and culturally rather than legally. People’s mindset should change. For that, right education is necessary.
I do not find any wrong in dowry system where it is defined as the money or property that is brought in by a bride in wedlock. Yes, both male and female should contribute their share to the family that is to be started after the marriage. It depends upon their capacity and resources. The majority of marriages in India are arranged. The parents of both the parties see many things before giving their assent to a marriage. Here economies also play a big role. Nevertheless, it is an entirely a different situation in love marriages. In love marriages, the couple primarily thinks of only one thing i.e. love and affection between them. All other things are secondary.
The dowry system in present form came into existence when the women folk in the society had no rights over family money or property. In those societies, they did not even have rights over their bodies and minds. Now the situation is gradually changing. There is a dire need for the society to recognize the rights of women over their bodies, minds, as well as property. Then only we can curb this evil of Dowry system.
వేదాల్లో అన్నీ ఉన్నాయి!
వేదాల్లో అన్నీ ఉన్నాయి. వేదాల్లో విమానాలు ఉన్నాయి. వాటిలో అందమైన ఎయిర్ హోస్టెస్ లు కూడా ఉన్నారు. వేదాల్లో టి.వి. లు, కంప్యూటర్లు ఉన్నాయి. వాటిలో ‘మసాలా’ వీడియోలు కూడా ఉన్నాయి.
MANUSMRITI - EPIC OF CASTE SYSTEM AND CASTEISM
The Manu Smriti (Sanskrit: मनुस्मृति) is a work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society. It is also known as the Laws of Manu.
Manu divides Hindus into four varnas i.e. casteism. He not only divide Hindus into four varnas, he also grades them. Besides prescribing rank and occupation Manu grants privilege to swarnas and imposes penalties on the shudras.The status of the Shudras in the Hindu society as prescribed by Manu the Law-giver and the Architect of Hindu society. There are so many Codes of the Manu Smriti against the Shudras and Women which are below:
1. For the welfare of humanity the supreme creator Brahma, gave birth to the Brahmins from his mouth, the Kshatriyas from his shoulders, the Vaishyas from his thighs and Shudras from his feet. (Manu’s code I-31,)
2. God said the duty of a Shudra is to serve the upper varnas faithfully with devotion and without grumbling. (Manu 1-91) Manu is not satisfied with this. He wants this servile status of the Shudras to be expressed in the names and surnames of persons belonging to that community. Manu says:
3. Let the first part of a Brahman’s name denote something auspicious, a Kshatriya’s be connected with power, and a Vaishyas with wealth but a Shudra’s express something contemptible. (Manu II.31)
4. The second part of a Brahmin’s name shall be a word implying happiness, of a Kshatriya’s (a word) implying protection, of a Vaishya’s a term expressive of thriving and of a Shudra’s an expression denoting service. (Manu II. 32.)
5. A hundred year old Kshatriya must treat a ten year old Brahmin boy as his father. (Manu 11-135)
6. The Brahmin should never invite persons of other varnas for food. In case, the latter begs the Brahmin for food, the Brahmin may give them some left-over. Even these left-over must be served not by the Brahmin but by his servants outside the house. (Manu II2).
7. He who instructs Shudra pupils and he whose teacher is a Shudra shall become disqualified for being invited to a shradha. (Manu III. 156.)
8. A Shudra is unfit of receive education. The upper varnas should not impart education or give advice to a Shudra.It is not necessary that the Shudra should know the laws and codes and hence need not be taught. Violators will go to as amrita hell. (Manu IV-78 to 81)
9. “Let him not dwell in a country where the rulers are Shudras.” (Manu IV. 61)
10. He must never read the Vedas in the presence of the Shudras. (Manu IV. 99.)
11. Any country, where there are no Brahmins, of where they are not happy will get devastated and destroyed. (Manu VIII-20 to 22)
12. A Brahmana who is only a Brahman by decent i.e., one who has neither studied nor performed any other act required by the Vedas may, at the king’s pleasure, interpret the law to him i.e., act as the judge, but never a Shudra (however learned he may be). (Manu VIII.20.)
13. The Kingdom of that monarch, who looks on while a Shudra settles the law, will sink low like a cow in the morass. (Manu VIII. 21.)
14. Any Brahmin, who enslaves or tries to enslave a Brahmin, is liable for a penalty of no less than 600 PANAS. A Brahmin can order a Shudra to serve him without any remuneration because the Shudra is created by Brahma to serve the Brahmins. Even if a Brahmin frees a Shudra from slavery the Shudra continue to be a slave as he is created for slavery. Nobody has the right to free him. (Manu VIII-50,56 and 59)
15. A Shudra who insults a twice born man with gross invectives shall have his tongue cut out; for he is of low origin. (Manu VIII. 270.)
16. If he mentions the names and castes of the (twice born) with contumely, an iron nail, ten fingers long, shall be thrust red hot into his mouth. (Manu VIII. 271.)
17. If a Shudra arrogantly presumes to preach religion to Brahmins, the king shall have poured burning oil in his mouth and ears. Manu VIII. 272.)
18. A Shudra who has an intercourse with a woman of the higher caste guarded or unguarded shall be punished in the following manner; if she was unguarded, he loses the offending part; if she was guarded then he should be put to death and his property confiscated.” (Manu VIII. 374.)
19. A Brahman may compel a Shudra, whether bought or unbought, to do servile work for he is created by the creator to be the slave of a Brahmana. (Manu VIII. 413.)
20. No Shudra should have property of his own, He should have nothing of his own. The existence of a wealthy Shudra is bad for the Brahmins. A Brahman may take possession of the goods of a Shudra. (ManuVIII-417 & X129)
21. A Brahman may seize without hesitation, if he be in distress for his subsistence, the goods of his Shudra. The Shudra can have only one occupation. This is one of the inexorable laws of Manu. says Manu. (Manu VIII. 417)
22. A Shudra who wants to just fill his stomach may serve a Vaishya. If he wants a permanent means of living he can serve a Kshatriya. But if he wants to go to heaven or wants higher or superior birth in the next generation he must serve a Brahmin. (ManuIX334 & 335)
23. The most sacred duty of a Shudra is to serve the Brahmins, always, reciting the words “Brahman” with utmost devotion. Such a Shudra will get salvation. Otherwise he will die a worst death and will go to the worst hell. (Manu X-121)
24. But let a (Shudra) serve Brahmans, either for the sake of heaven, or with a view to both (this life and the next) for he who is called the servant of a Brahman thereby gains all his ends. (Manu X. 122.)
25. The service of Brahmans alone is declared (to be) an excellent occupation for a Shudra for whatever else besides this he may perform will bear him no fruit. (Manu X. 123.)
26. They must allot to him out of their own family (property) a suitable maintenance, after considering his ability, his industry, and the number of those whom he is bound to support. (Manu X. 124.)
( Taken from the Internet )
Sanskrit is a caste-based language
Sanskrit has been a caste-based language. Only Brahmins were allowed to learn it as it was considered as Devabasha. On the other hand, English is a Universal Language, and it embraces all- caste-people. So, learn English and spread the light.
అన్య మతస్థులు హిందూమతము స్వీకరిస్తే వారికి ఏ కులం ఇస్తారు?
ఎవరైనా ఇతర మతస్థులు హిందూ మతం స్వీకరిస్తే వారికి హిందూ మతం లోని అట్టడుగు వర్ణమైన శూద్ర వర్ణాన్ని( కులాన్ని) ఇస్తారు.
( If any non-Hindu converts to Hinduism, he or she will get the lowest caste i.e. Sudra )
1992 లో భారత దేశం లో బాబ్రీ మసీదు కూల్చి వేయబడినప్పుడు ఇస్లామిక్ దేశాలలో హిందూ దేవాలయాలు కూల్చి వేయబడినాయి. ఒకరి దేవుడు బాబ్రీ మసీదుని కూల్చివేయమంటే, ఇంకొకరి దేవుడు దేవాలయాల్ని కూల్చివేయమన్నాడు. ఇంతకీ ఏ దేవుడు కరెక్ట్? ఏ దేవుడు మంచివాడు? మతాలున్నంత కాలం మనుషులు ఇలానే కొట్టుకు చస్తారు.
( When Babri Masjid was demolished in India, many temples in Islamic Countries were brought down. Here the God of one religion wanted to demolish Masjid while the God from another religion liked the destruction of temples. Which one is right? Men will be killing one another until the religions of the world disappear )
కులాంతర వివాహం చేసుకున్న వారి పిల్లలకు ఏ కులం వస్తుంది?
ఎవరైనా కులాంతర వివాహం ( inter-caste marriage ) చేసుకుంటే, వారికి పుట్టే పిల్లలకు తల్లి కులం గాని, తండ్రి కులం గాని సర్టిఫికేట్ లో వ్రాయించుకోవచ్చని సుప్రీమ్ కోర్ట్ జనవరి 18, 2012 తేదీన తీర్పు చెప్పింది.
( The children who were born to the parents from two different castes would get either the caste of his father or his mother as per the judgment delivered by the Supreme Court of India on 18 January 2012)
A tribute to Guntur city
I feel that Guntur is a very pleasant city, and it also changed my life radically. It really taught me a lot of new things i.e. life skills, survival techniques, etc.. Though I faced a lot of hardships there, I think I am very much indebted to that city as it revealed me the secret powers of my brain that are- The Mind Wave. Due to this discovery of the Mind Wave, I realized the powers of my brain and used them to the utmost level to get three government jobs. I virtually rediscovered and reinvented myself.
Thank you! Guntur!
Role of Media
Media has a crucial role to play in democratizing this world. It is a powerful medium for disseminating information and creating awareness among people. But, is it playing its role responsibly? I am sorry to say no.
In today’s world media has become a puppet in the hands of both politicians and some vested interests. Especially in India, it has become an effective tool in the hands of politicians to divert the attention of people from real issues. People are being lulled into a false sense of security. Moreover, media is killing the revolutionary spirit of the people. It is spreading superstitions and religious bigotry on a large scale. There is nothing rationalistic and scientific that is visible on media today. Of course, there are some rare instances of food for thought. I wish to see media playing an important role in uplifting people’s minds from their medieval thinking and leading the world towards new Renaissance.
The Status Of Women As Depicted By Manu In The Manusmriti
by Hirday N. Patwari
The Manusmriti also known as Manav Dharam Shastra, is the earliest metrical work on Brahminical Dharma in Hinduism. According to Hindu mythology, the Manusmriti is the word of Brahma, and it is classified as the most authoritative statement on Dharma .The scripture consists of 2690 verses, divided into 12 chapters. It is presumed that the actual human author of this compilation used the eponym ‘Manu’, which has led the text to be associated by Hindus with the first human being and the first king in the Indian tradition.
by Hirday N. Patwari
The Manusmriti also known as Manav Dharam Shastra, is the earliest metrical work on Brahminical Dharma in Hinduism. According to Hindu mythology, the Manusmriti is the word of Brahma, and it is classified as the most authoritative statement on Dharma .The scripture consists of 2690 verses, divided into 12 chapters. It is presumed that the actual human author of this compilation used the eponym ‘Manu’, which has led the text to be associated by Hindus with the first human being and the first king in the Indian tradition.
Although no details of this eponymous author’s life are known, it is likely that he belonged to a conservative Brahman class somewhere in Northern India. Hindu apologists consider the Manusmriti as the divine code of conduct and, accordingly, the status of women as depicted in the text has been interpreted as Hindu divine law. While defending Manusmriti as divine code of conduct for all including women, apologists often quote the verse: “yatr naryasto pojyantay, ramantay tatr devta [3/56] (where women are provided place of honor, gods are pleased and reside there in that household), but they deliberately forget all those verses that are full of prejudice, hatred and discrimination against women.
Here are some of the ‘celebrated’ derogatory comments about women in the Manusmriti :
1. “Swabhav ev narinam …..” – 2/213. It is the nature of women to seduce men in this world; for that reason the wise are never unguarded in the company of females.
2. “Avidvam samlam………..” – 2/214. Women, true to their class character, are capable of leading astray men in this world, not only a fool but even a learned and wise man. Both become slaves of desire.
3. “Matra swastra ………..” – 2/215. Wise people should avoid sitting alone with one’s mother, daughter or sister. Since carnal desire is always strong, it can lead to temptation.
4. “Naudwahay……………..” – 3/8. One should not marry women who has have reddish hair, redundant parts of the body [such as six fingers], one who is often sick, one without hair or having excessive hair and one who has red eyes.
5. “Nraksh vraksh ………..” – 3/9. One should not marry women whose names are similar to constellations, trees, rivers, those from a low caste, mountains, birds, snakes, slaves or those whose names inspires terror.
6. “Yasto na bhavet ….. …..” – 3/10. Wise men should not marry women who do not have a brother and whose parents are not socially well known.
7. “Uchayangh…………….” – 3/11. Wise men should marry only women who are free from bodily defects, with beautiful names, grace/gait like an elephant, moderate hair on the head and body, soft limbs and small teeth.
8. “Shudr-aiv bharya………” – 3/12.Brahman men can marry Brahman, Kshatriya, Vaish and even Shudra women but Shudra men can marry only Shudra women.
9. “Na Brahman kshatriya..” – 3/14. Although Brahman, Kshatriya and Vaish men have been allowed inter-caste marriages, even in distress they should not marry Shudra women.
10. “Heenjati striyam……..” – 3/15. When twice born [dwij=Brahman, Kshatriya and Vaish] men in their folly marry low caste Shudra women, they are responsible for the degradation of their whole family. Accordingly, their children adopt all the demerits of the Shudra caste.
11. “Shudram shaynam……” – 3/17. A Brahman who marries a Shudra woman, degrades himself and his whole family ,becomes morally degenerated , loses Brahman status and his children too attain status of shudra.
12. “Daiv pitrya………………” – 3/18. The offerings made by such a person at the time of established rituals are neither accepted by God nor by the departed soul; guests also refuse to have meals with him and he is bound to go to hell after death.
13. “Chandalash ……………” – 3/240. Food offered and served to Brahman after Shradh ritual should not be seen by a chandal, a pig, a cock,a dog, and a menstruating women.
14. “Na ashniyat…………….” – 4/43. A Brahman, true defender of his class, should not have his meals in the company of his wife and even avoid looking at her. Furthermore, he should not look towards her when she is having her meals or when she sneezes/yawns.
15. “Na ajyanti……………….” – 4/44. A Brahman in order to preserve his energy and intellect, must not look at women who applies collyrium to her eyes, one who is massaging her nude body or one who is delivering a child.
16. “Mrshyanti…………….” – 4/217. One should not accept meals from a woman who has extra marital relations; nor from a family exclusively dominated/managed by women or a family whose 10 days of impurity because of death have not passed.
17. “Balya va………………….” – 5/150. A female child, young woman or old woman is not supposed to work independently even at her place of residence.
18. “Balye pitorvashay…….” – 5/151. Girls are supposed to be in the custody of their father when they are children, women must be under the custody of their husband when married and under the custody of her son as widows. In no circumstances is she allowed to assert herself independently.
19. “Asheela kamvrto………” – 5/157. Men may be lacking virtue, be sexual perverts, immoral and devoid of any good qualities, and yet women must constantly worship and serve their husbands.
20. “Na ast strinam………..” – 5/158. Women have no divine right to perform any religious ritual, nor make vows or observe a fast. Her only duty is to obey and please her husband and she will for that reason alone be exalted in heaven.
21. “Kamam to………………” – 5/160. At her pleasure [after the death of her husband], let her emaciate her body by living only on pure flowers, roots of vegetables and fruits. She must not even mention the name of any other men after her husband has died.
22. “Vyabhacharay…………” – 5/167. Any women violating duty and code of conduct towards her husband, is disgraced and becomes a patient of leprosy. After death, she enters womb of Jackal.
23. “Kanyam bhajanti……..” – 8/364. In case women enjoy sex with a man from a higher caste, the act is not punishable. But on the contrary, if women enjoy sex with lower caste men, she is to be punished and kept in isolation.
24. “Utmam sevmansto…….” – 8/365. In case a man from a lower caste enjoys sex with a woman from a higher caste, the person in question is to be awarded the death sentence. And if a person satisfies his carnal desire with women of his own caste, he should be asked to pay compensation to the women’s faith.
25. “Ya to kanya…………….” – 8/369. In case a woman tears the membrane [hymen] of her Vagina, she shall instantly have her head shaved or two fingers cut off and made to ride on Donkey.
26. “Bhartaram…………….” – 8/370. In case a women, proud of the greatness of her excellence or her relatives, violates her duty towards her husband, the King shall arrange to have her thrown before dogs at a public place.
27. “Pita rakhshati……….” – 9/3. Since women are not capable of living independently, she is to be kept under the custody of her father as child, under her husband as a woman and under her son as widow.
28. “Imam hi sarw………..” – 9/6. It is the duty of all husbands to exert total control over their wives. Even physically weak husbands must strive to control their wives.
29. “Pati bharyam ……….” – 9/8. The husband, after the conception of his wife, becomes the embryo and is born again of her. This explains why women are called Jaya.
30. “Panam durjan………” – 9/13. Consuming liquor, association with wicked persons, separation from her husband, rambling around, sleeping for unreasonable hours and dwelling -are six demerits of women.
31. “Naita rupam……………” – 9/14. Such women are not loyal and have extra marital relations with men without consideration for their age.
32. “Poonshchalya…………” – 9/15. Because of their passion for men, immutable temper and natural heartlessness, they are not loyal to their husbands.
33. “Na asti strinam………” – 9/18. While performing namkarm and jatkarm, Vedic mantras are not to be recited by women, because women are lacking in strength and knowledge of Vedic texts. Women are impure and represent falsehood.
34. “Devra…sapinda………” – 9/58. On failure to produce offspring with her husband, she may obtain offspring by cohabitation with her brother-in-law [devar] or with some other relative [sapinda] on her in-law’s side.
35. “Vidwayam…………….” – 9/60. He who is appointed to cohabit with a widow shall approach her at night, be anointed with clarified butter and silently beget one son, but by no means a second one.
36. “Yatha vidy……………..” – 9/70. In accordance with established law, the sister-in-law [bhabhi] must be clad in white garments; with pure intent her brother-in-law [devar] will cohabitate with her until she conceives.
37. “Ati kramay……………” – 9/77. Any women who disobey orders of her lethargic, alcoholic and diseased husband shall be deserted for three months and be deprived of her ornaments.
38. “Vandyashtamay…….” – 9/80. A barren wife may be superseded in the 8th year; she whose children die may be superseded in the 10th year and she who bears only daughters may be superseded in the 11th year; but she who is quarrelsome may be superseded without delay.
39. “Trinsha……………….” – 9/93. In case of any problem in performing religious rites, males between the age of 24 and 30 should marry a female between the age of 8 and 12.
40. “Yambrahmansto…….” – 9/177. In case a Brahman man marries Shudra woman, their son will be called ‘Parshav’ or ‘Shudra’ because his social existence is like a dead body.
The good, bad and ugly of reforms
In a forthcoming paper for the Cato Institute, I have summed up the 25 years of economic reform as an era of private sector success, government failure, and eroding institutions.
In 1991, many analysts warned that opening up the economy would mean industrial domination by multinational corporations, with Indian companies going bust or becoming mere suppliers to the MNCs. In fact, Indian companies blossomed as never before, and hundreds of them became multinationals themselves. These included world-class players in software, small cars, auto components and pharmaceuticals. India failed in labour-intensive industries but blossomed in brain-intensive industries and services, and that’s where the future lies. There has been plenty of crony capitalism, yet new companies without political godfathers have flourished as never before.
Sun Pharmaceuticals, unknown in 1991, has become India’s largest pharma company and a global power. Its owner Dilip Shanghvi has risen from nothing to become India’s richest person. The software industry has spawned thousands of millionaires, and the same is happening with start-ups like Flipkart and Ola. As Manmohan Singh once said, these are not the children of the rich; they are the children of economic liberalization. The private sector has driven India’s rise to a miracle economy, while old public sector giants have wilted or fallen. The main problem is lack of smooth exit for failures. The creative destruction of capitalism requires easy exit no less than easy entry.
Economic success has not been matched by social success. True, 138 million people were raised above the poverty line between 2004 and 2012, a world record. But aspirations have risen and people want more, especially non-manual jobs that are simply not visible.
India’s educational and health indicators have improved so slowly that they have been overtaken in some respects by Bangladesh and even Nepal. Amartya Sen and Jean Dreze have shown that of all miracle economies, India has recorded the slowest social improvement.
Slow growth: Social success hasn’t matched economic success, with education and health indicators lagging
The quality of all government services is dismal. Government schools suffer from mass teacher absenteeism. Poor people are shifting their children to expensive private schools. The PISA survey of 2009 placed India at the bottom of 74 countries, even though India was represented by its two best states.
India is near the global bottom in health spending as a proportion of GDP. Its health indicators are substandard, with anaemia up to 80% in some areas, some of the highest child malnutrition rates in the world, and open defecation that causes diarrhoea and prevents children from absorbing the calories they eat.
Government services are terrible because they are delivered by unsackable employees with no accountability to the people they serve. Besides, the expertise in the bureaucracy is woeful for what is now a middle-income country. Every ministry and state government must have reserved seats for outside experts with guaranteed tenure.
Key services like policing, justice, electricity, roads, water supply and sanitation are pathetic. The police are hopelessly undermanned by global standards, refuse to register complaints unless bribed, and cannot catch resourceful criminals. A former Police Commission member said the police’s first priority was to harass political opponents, and their second priority to protect criminals within the ruling party. Justice is moribund with court decisions taking decades. One judge estimated it would take 320 years to clear the backlog of 31 million cases.
In this milieu, law-breakers consistently have an advantage over law abiders, and this corrodes quality across the board — politicians, bureaucrats, businessmen and professionals. Of MPs elected in 2014, 186 have criminal cases pending, up from 158 in 2009.
The mega-scams of the last UPA government highlighted how politics has become big business, converting political power into cash. This provoked enough outrage to decimate the Congress in the 2014 elections. Modi has reduced big corruption. New rules mandate auctions of public resources instead of ministerial allotments. Yet corruption continues unabated among state governments and petty officials.
Instead of building strong, independent institutions, India is increasingly witnessing political appointees instead of experts, the exit of independent thinkers, and the corrupt “sale” of junior government posts in the states (and even college seats and teaching posts). Narendra Modi has worsened an already dismal situation in New Delhi, but chief ministers are far greater culprits.
Economists Acemoglu and Robinson have shown that for a country to rise from middle to high-income status, a vibrant private sector is not enough. Strong independent institutions are a must, to ensure that the best rise and the worst fall. That’s the way India needs to go.
SA Aiyar ( Times of India )
A way to prevent rape…
How to prevent rapes? Before discussing it, let us know what rape is. According to OALD, rape is the crime of forcing somebody to have sex with you, especially using violence. This crime can be committed by both the sexes.
But, how to prevent it? Rape happens when a person’s sexual instincts or desires are not satisfied to the needed levels. It is a common phenomenon occurring in countries where the opportunities to satisfy sexual desires are limited or restricted by the prevalent social customs, traditions or the religion. Examples: India, Pakistan, and many Asian, African countries.
In such countries, we can prevent rapes immediately by encouraging the sexually sensitive population to practise masturbation. Masturbation should not be thought of a most sinful act. The observation made by Mr. Kretschmer in this connection may prove quite beneficial. He writes, “Masturbation is a harmless physiological transitional phase and by- product of the healthy sexual impulse. It acts as safety-valve when sexual intercourse is prevented by one of the many inevitable obstacles created by civilized communal life. Masturbation can only be counted as perversion when it is practiced for its own sake i.e. when it acquires a greater value than sexual intercourse and is substituted for it even when coitus ( intercourse with the opposite sex) is legitimately possible”.
In my view, the act of masturbation should be practiced on a regular basis if the real sex is not feasible. Sex videos also play a crucial role in this masturbation process. But unfortunately, some people in authority want to prevent free sharing of these videos. Hiding important things from people always encourage unhealthy curiosity in them. Sex videos explain to the youngsters the scientific details of sex. They generally kill the unhealthy interest in them. From the very young age children should be taught about details of the sex and they should be given a live demonstration of the anatomy of the body of the opposite sex.Then only we can establish healthy (both physiological and sexual) understanding between both the sexes.
25 years of economic reforms: From super-beggar to potential superpower
This is a silver jubilee to remember. The economic reforms launched by PV Narasimha Rao in July 1991 have transformed India so much that it’s difficult to recall how bad things used to be.
Back in 1991, lndia pretended to be a Third World leader. In fact, its development model evoked derisive laughter among many developing countries that had grown twice as fast. They found Indians good at drafting resolutions in international meetings, but little else.
Today, India is called a potential superpower by journals ranging from Forbes to The Guardian. India is called the only Asian power that can check China in the 21st century. This is why the US arranged for its entry into the nuclear club and now backs it for a permanent seat in the UN Security Council.
In 1991, India was a member of the G77 group of developing countries. In 2016, India is a proud member of the G20, the most-powerful countries in the world.
In 1991, India was infamous as the world’s biggest beggar, a bottomless pit for foreign aid. It soaked up 40% of the funds of the International Development Association (IDA), the soft-loan window of the World Bank. Today, India is as much a donor as a recipient.
It is still a substantial aid recipient in gross terms. But the inflow is barely half-a-billion dollars net of debt service. Meanwhile, India itself has become a substantial donor, including a line of credit of $10 billion to Africa, $2 billion to Bangladesh.
Remittances from NRIs total $73 billion a year, and foreign direct and portfolio investment often exceed $60 billion per year. Commercial loans exceed $35 billion. India now finances itself overwhelmingly on commercial terms, not through aid.
Its per capita income has shot up from $375 in 2011 to $1,700 today, taking it from low-income to middle-income status. However, China is almost six times better off, and has transformed itself far more than India.
In 1991, the Indian economy was immaterial to the world. Today, in purchasing power parity terms, India is the third-largest economy in the world after China and the US. It has overtaken all European economies and Japan.
India today is the fastest-growing major economy in the world, touching 7.6% in 2016 after a similar rate in 2015. Against expectations, India has overtaken China. The World Economic Outlook of the International Monetary Fund portrays the US and India as two pillars holding up a wobbling world economy.
India was historically an economic laggard. For decades it grew at just 3.5% per year, derisively called the ‘Hindu rate of growth’. This accelerated in the 1980s to 5.5%, because of creeping liberalisation plus an unsustainable borrowing spree that was ended in tears in 1991. India then embarked on economic reforms in 1991.
All Opposition parties denounced this as a sell-out to the IMF, and predicted that India would suffer a “lost decade” of growth, just as Africa and Latin America had in the 1980s. In fact, India accelerated to become a miracle economy, averaging 8% growth after 2003.
Critics say economic reforms have benefited only a thin rich layer. Dead wrong. Between 2004 and 2011, a record 138 million Indians were raised above the poverty line. China was earlier hailed for raising 220 million people above the poverty line between 1978 and 2002.
India’s rate of poverty reduction was much faster. Arvind Panagariya and Vishal More have shown that poverty among Dalits and Muslims fell faster than for all communities.
Before 1991, India begged for food aid if the monsoon failed. When it suffered two successive droughts in 1965 and 1966, mass starvation was avoided only by US food aid. India lived a ‘ship-to mouth’ existence.
William and Paul Paddock’s famous 1967 book, Famine 1975! claimed the world was running out of food, so food aid should be conserved for viable countries, and unviable ones like India should be left to starve.
The Green Revolution changed that, and private seed production further improved productivity after 1991. India suffered two successive droughts in 2014 and 2015. Yet this time, it remained a net food exporter. It became the world’s largest rice exporter in 2014.
In 1991, it took years to get a telephone landline. Today, India has a billion cellphones, instant availability and the cheapest telecom rates in the world. Even people below the poverty line have phones. In 1991, only 20% of Indians had a TV set. Now two-thirds do. In 1991, Doordarshan had a TV monopoly. Today, the country has over 900 TV channels.
Many flaws still remain. Thousands of projects remain stuck in red tape. All government services remain lousy. Corruption, waste and sloth are visible everywhere. Education and health remain deplorable. Indian institutions are low-quality, weak and subservient to political interference.
The police-judicial system is moribund, with a backlog of 31million cases. The future agenda must include much better governance, better social services and high-quality, independent institutions. But for now, let us toast the silver jubilee of economic liberalisation.
- SA Aiyar, Times of India
The Love Meter
Deeksha: What do you usually miss when you go away from me, my dear?
Venu: I miss everything except you, dear.
Deeksha: That means your love for me is not real.
Venu: Not like that my dear. I never miss you because you are always in my heart.
Have You ever visited...?
Have you ever visited a Government School in India? Have you ever joined your child in any Government School in India? Have you ever stayed for 60 minutes in any Government School of India? If you did it even for once, the first spectacular problem you face is where to pee. Why should our Government schools stay that way? Why do the teachers' unions never fight for these facilities? Why can't we as a community take constructive action to solve these problems? Isn't it good if we provide our children with these facilities along with free education?
Sorry, but men are more dependent on women
Pallavi Bansal ( TOI )
We live in a country where women are raised with the notion of being 'dependent' on men. Call it relying on their fathers for pocket expenses or having a brother's protection while going out late at night, women are taught that the other gender is superior. But, little did they teach us about men's dependency on women. Hence, we list out seven things that'll make you realize how dependent men actually are:
1. Women bring order to men's life
Would you be able to find that pair of socks after throwing it randomly when you came back from work if your mom or wife wouldn't have put it in the laundry? Well, most of the men would answer this in negative. Because, it's the woman who turns that wild, carefree boy into a responsible man; and bring order to his home and life.
2. Your daily food intake depends on her
No matter even if India's top chefs are men, when it comes to cooking in the kitchen at home, there's no better chef than a woman. They make sure that you eat healthy food at regular intervals and dare you to leave home without your lunch-box!
3. She nurtures the child
Not only she gives birth to a child, which itself is beyond comparison, but also, she nurtures it. It doesn't matter if she's a working professional or a stay-at-home mom, there's no one who can match up to her energy and dedication towards bringing up the child. Mothers, generally, have a stronger bond with the child and thus understand a child's needs better. They are also more involved in cooking, shopping and school work of the child. So when it comes to child rearing, husbands depend more on their spouses.
4. Takes care of your parents
While she's the one who leaves her parents and joins your household, she makes it her own by making your parents, hers. She takes care of their daily needs and even the need for love and affection. Even though a lot of men do care about their wife's parents too, they still cannot match the love and affection a woman shows towards her in-laws.
5. Saves you from fashion disasters
Barring the fashion designers of the country, a lot of Indian men are naive when it comes to the fashion. If it weren't your sister, girlfriend or wife who corrected you, wouldn't you be wearing those yellow pants with pink shirt? Or worse, you still wouldn't have been able to come out of those dull greys and blacks.
6. She's your contingency fund
Had she not been saving money for the difficult times, it would be impossible for you to cope with the tough situations alone. Since time immemorial, women are known for their saving habits and spending money wisely. Even though you call her a compulsive shopper and that she cannot resist her purchases, when you'll open her shopping bags, you'll realise that she actually bought the maximum stuff for the family and that too at the best deals!
7. After all, she's behind your success
'Behind every successful man, there's always a woman,' goes the old adage... and for the right reasons. Women are known to sacrifice their own dreams to let the husbands fulfill theirs. While it's not a great thing to do, but nonetheless they stand by their husband's side and also motivate and encourage them.
Thus, a man clings on to a woman more than a woman does. Now, that you have all the reasons, celebrate the women in your life every day and not just on International Women's Day!
”The universe as known to science is not in itself either friendly or hostile to man, but it can be made to act as a friend if approached with patient knowledge. Where the universe is concerned, knowledge is the one thing needful. Man, alone of living things, has shown himself capable of the knowledge required to give him a certain mastery over his environment. The dangers to man in the future, or at least in any measurable future, come, not from nature, but from man himself. Will he use his power wisely? Or will he turn the energy liberated from the struggle with nature into struggles with his fellow-men? History, science, and philosophy all make us aware of the great collective achievements of mankind. It would be well if every civilised human being had a sense of these achievements and a realisation of the possibility of greater things to come, with the indifference which must result as regards the petty squabbles upon which the passions of individuals and nations are wastefully squandered.”
– Bertrand Russell
My Favourite Sportsperson
I am an ardent admirer of Maria Sharapova. She is a versatile personality. She proved herself as a sportsperson, model, business women and what not. She is the second youngest player to win a Grand slam title. She recently started her own candy business- Sugarpova. She is also a fashion designer and her dresses are liked and worn by many young tennis players. She is a tall and beautiful woman.
Maria’s story of rags to riches is quite inspirational. She is humanitarian to the core. She helps the victims of Chernobyl disaster through her ‘Sharapova Foundation’. She never forgets her Russian roots. Though she lives in the US, she always plays for her own country- Russia. Her talents and life story will be inspirational to many young girls of the present and future generations as well.
( I don't often watch tennis matches on TV, but I can't stop myself if Maria reaches finals )
Capitation fee is illegal, rules Supreme Court
(TOI 03/05/2016 )
NEW DELHI: Holding demand of capitation fee by educational institutions illegal, the Supreme Court on Monday ruled that commercialization and exploitation is not permissible in the education sector and institutions must run on 'no-profit-no-loss' basis.
A five-judge Constitution bench of Justices A R Dave, A K Sikri, R K Agrawal, A K Goel and R Banumathi said the objective of setting up educational institutions must not be to make profit and the government must step in to regulate the sector to promote merit, curb malpractices and secure merit-based admission in a transparent manner.
"Though education is now treated as an 'occupation' and, thus, has become a fundamental right guaranteed under Article 19(1) (g) of the Constitution, at the same time shackles are put in so far as this particular occupation is concerned, which is termed as noble. Therefore, profiteering and commercialization are not permitted and no capitation fee can be charged. The admission of students has to be on merit and not at the whims and fancies of the educational institutions," the bench said.
"It is to be ensured that this admission process meets the triple test of transparency, fairness and non-exploitativeness," it said.
The court said unreasonable demand could not be made from the students and their parents. It said the educational institutions can charge fees that would take care of various expenses incurred by them plus provision for the expansion of education for future generations.
"Education is treated as a noble occupation on 'no-profit-no-loss' basis. Thus, those who establish and are managing the educational institutions are not expected to indulge in profiteering or commercialize this noble activity. Keeping this objective in mind, the court did not give complete freedom to the educational institutions in respect of right to admit the students and also with regard to fixation of fee," it said,while referring to its earlier judgment.
The bench said it was the Constitutional duty of the governments to ensure that educational institutions were not indulging in commercialisation and to make sure that institutions functioned to spread education and not to make money.
"The object of setting up educational institutions is not to make profit. There could, however, be a reasonable revenue surplus for the development of education. For admission, merit must play an important role. The state or the university could require private unaided institutions to provide for merit-based selection while giving sufficient discretion in admitting students," the bench said.
SC clips MCI’s wings, sets up ex CJI-headed panel to regulate medical education
( TOI 03/05/2016 )
NEW DELHI: Saying the Medical Council of India (MCI) had "repeatedly" failed in its duties and the quality of medical education in the country was at its "lowest ebb", the Supreme Court on Monday appointed a high-powered committee headed by former CJI R M Lodha to clean up the system by taking over the functions of MCI.
"The medical graduates lack competence in performing basic health care tasks. Instances of unethical practices continued to grow. The MCI was not able to spearhead any serious reforms in medical education. The MCI neither represented the professional excellence nor its ethos," said Justice A K Sikri, who wrote the judgment for the five-judge Constitution bench comprising justices A R Dave, R K Agrawal, A K Goel and R Banumathi. The system keeps out most meritorious and underprivileged students, the bench said.
The order signals the end of the road for MCI that has been in the midst of controversies since its president Ketan Mehta was arrested in a corruption case. The government has been actively considering scrapping MCI in its present form.
The court asked the oversight committee, also comprising retired comptroller and auditor general Vinod Rai and eminent doctor Shiva Sareen, to oversee all statutory functions under the MCI Act and said policy decisions would require the panel's approval. The committee will function till the Centre puts in place a new mechanism for regulation by amending the statute or bringing a new legislation.
The court said deep-rooted corruption is prevalent in MCI and its members, coming from commercialized corporate private hospitals, were also found indulging in unethical practices such as carrying out unnecessary diagnostic tests and surgical procedures to extract money from hapless patients. It said the law needs to be amended as the Centre has no power under the present system to disagree with MCI and give policy directives to the regulatory body.
"The existing system of graduate medical education is required to be re-invented. The admission process was not satisfactory as the majority of seats in private medical colleges were being allotted for capitation fee. The system keeps out most meritorious and underprivileged students," the bench said.
A day before the Supreme Court is to hear the controversy on a national eligibility test (NEET), the Constitution bench strongly batted for a common entrance test by scrapping exams conducted by private medical colleges. It said that common window test would tackle the menace of capitation fee and bring transparency in the admission process.
The court passed the order on a bunch of petitions filed by private unaided medical colleges of Madhya Pradesh challenging the validity of state legislation to bring into force Common Entrance Test (CET) for all medical institutions and regulate fee structure for medical education.
Dismissing their plea, the bench said the state government was justified to regulate education to ensure that merit could not be compromised in admissions to professional institutions nor capitation fee could be permitted. "The Constitution is primarily for the common man. Larger interest and welfare of student community to promote merit, achieve excellence and curb malpractices, fee and admissions can certainly be regulated," the bench said.
"It is to be borne in mind is that the occupation of education cannot be treated at par with other economic activities. In this field, the State cannot remain a mute spectator and has to necessarily step in order to prevent exploitation, privatization, and commercialization by the private sector," the bench said.